Transportation in Mozambique

Mozambique is situated on the south-eastern coast of Africa. With the Indian Ocean forming its eastern border, the country's 1000-km coastline offers immense tourism potential for beach lovers, water sports enthusiasts, sailors and anglers.

Crossing into Mozambique using the Pafuri or Giriyondo border posts in South Africa's Kruger National Park is an adventurous land crossing option.

Our Mozambique Transportation Guide has general information about travel to and within Mozambique. If you’d like additional help or guidance in getting around the country, our Mozambique Destination Guide offers helpful starting points, and our Mozambique tours page can connect you with tours and activities to get you out and experiencing this beautiful country for yourself. 

Mozambique Transportation Guide

Getting to Mozambique

By Plane

While direct international routes do exist between Mozambique and Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, Kenya and Portugal, most international flights to Mozambique are routed through South Africa. South African Airways (SAA) and the Mozambican flag-carrier Linhas Aereas de Moçambique (LAM) operate several flights daily from Johannesburg to Maputo. Other airlines such as Kenya Airways, Swazi Express Airways and TAP Portugal also fly from Durban, Swaziland, Harare, Nairobi, Dar es Salaam and Lisbon to Maputo. The local carrier, Air Corridor, is also expected to begin operations on international routes.

For transport from the airport to the city (or from the city to the airport), we recommend Green Path Transfers, who offer eco-friendly airport transfers in hundreds of destinations around the world.

By Train

There is only one train in Mozambique that links Nampula with Cuamba (near the Malawi border). As the only service offered, the train is usually crowded with first-, second- and third-class passengers.

By Car

Roads in Mozambique are manageable, and there are highways linking Mozambique to its neighbouring countries. From Johannesburg, the N4 winds towards Nelspruit and then beyond to Komatipoort, the last town on the South African side. As you cross Komatipoort, you reach the Lebombo/Ressano Garcia border post. If you opt to take the route from Kruger National Park, then you need to cross the Letaba Camp to reach the new Giriyondo border post into Mozambique. The road from the Swaziland border to Maputo is also drive-able.

By Bus

Mozambique bus services are good, linking Mozambique to its neighbouring countries. There are a number of border crossings to and from Malawi. The easiest and most frequently used route is through Zóbuè. Buses from Chimoio and Beira also use this crossing.

You can opt to travel between Maputo and Johannesburg with the safe and reasonably priced Intercape Mainliner that departs in the morning and also has an overnight trip option. Other operators include Greyhound and Translux. Buses also leave three times a week to and from Durban.

The river Rovuma forms the border between Mozambique and Tanzania. Bus services are operated daily to connect Moçimboa da Praia with Palma and Namiranga, the border post on the Mozambique side. Buses that come in from Zambia cross into Mozambique at Cassacatiza, North West of Tete. The ideal way to travel from Mozambique to Zambia is through Malawi. To cross into Mozambique from Zimbabwe, Nyamapanda (south-west of Tete) and Machipanda (west of Chimoio), crossings must be negotiated.

By Boat

At present, travel to Mozambique by boat presents limited options. You can opt to hire a dhow from Tanzania at Mikindani, Mtwara and Msimbati and travel southwards along the coast to reach Mozambique. For travel from Mozambique to Tanzania, you can also inquire at at Moçimboa da Praia and Palma. To reach Mozambique from Malawi, it is possible cross Lake Malawi (also known as Lake Nyassa), by taking the steamer Ilala that runs regularly between Malawi and Likoma Island. From this island, which is 3 km off the Mozambique coast, you would need to take a short boat ride to Cobue, the administrative base of Largo District.

Getting Around Mozambique

Mozambique is a large country and travelling between major destinations, especially on the poor roads (which are being worked on), can take a couple of days instead of mere hours.

Buses and chapas (minibuses) begin operation early in the day and offer a reasonable mode of travel in Mozambique. If your budget permits, you can opt for domestic flights operated between the major cities; Linhas Aereas de Moçambique and Air Corridor are the fastest and easiest mode of travel within the country. With only one train running between Nampula to Cuamba near the Malawian border, trains are not the best option to travel in Mozambique.

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